“Gilding” refers to a range of decorative techniques for applying fine gold leaf or powder to solid surfaces such as wood, metal or stone to give a thin coating of gold sheen. Methods of gilding include hand-application and gluing; chemical gilding; and electroplating, also known as gold plating.
Gilding styles include silver-gilt or vermeil; gilt-bronze or ormulu; and gold leafing. Parcel-gilt objects are only gilded over part of their surfaces.
Image (“Danieli Chandelier”) courtesy Niermann Weeks. Info courtesy Wikipedia.